Strength Capacity and Body Mass Index Evaluation of Swimmers

  • Thaís Miriã da Silva Santos São Paulo – Brazil
  • Tânia Plens Shecaira UNIFESP, São Paulo- Brazil
  • Giovanna Carolina Bueno São Paulo- Brazil
  • Henrique de Lima Santos Carapicuíba- Brazil
  • Vinícius Gonçalves de Assis Carapicuíba- Brazil
  • Vinicius Barroso Hirota São Paulo- Brazil
  • Nathalia Bernardes São Paulo – Brazil
Keywords: Muscle strength; Body mass index; Swimming.

Abstract

Purpose. Muscle strength is an important component of physical ability. In
sports such as swimming, this physical capacity has been increasingly evident
in training programs, thus becoming important for the performance of aquatic
practices. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the strength
capacity and the body mass index (BMI) of swimmers. Methods. For this, 20
swimmers of both sexes with a mean age of 38 ± 2 years were evaluated. The
handgrip strength (HS) was assessed using a dynamometer and weight and
height for calculating BMI. Results. There were no differences in BMI be- tween genders (men (M): 25±1 kg./cm2; women (W): 24±0.9.kg./cm2. Men
had a higher HS (M: 42±2; W: 29 ± 2 kgf.) There was no correlation between
the HS and the BMI of the swimmers (M: r: 0.44; p: 0.19; W: r: 0.34, p:
0.30). However, the behavior of the relation of the variables differs between
the sexes, in men the HS is higher according to a lower BMI, and in women,
the HS is higher according to a higher BMI. referring to HS (M: 8.0±0.2;
W: 8.4±0.6). Conclusions. Thus, the results of the present study show that
the handgrip strength in swimmers is greater in males and does not present
correlation with BMI, however it is possible to observe a different behavior
between HS and BMI between genders, in men the relationship behavior is
negative and in women the relationship behavior is positive.

Author Biographies

Thaís Miriã da Silva Santos, São Paulo – Brazil

Laboratory of Physiology and Metabolism Applied to Physical Activity LAPEF, University of São Paulo

Tânia Plens Shecaira, UNIFESP, São Paulo- Brazil

Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo

Giovanna Carolina Bueno, São Paulo- Brazil

Translational Physiology Laboratory, Nove de Julho University- UNINOVE

Henrique de Lima Santos, Carapicuíba- Brazil

Faculty Nossa Cidade- FNC Estácio

Vinícius Gonçalves de Assis, Carapicuíba- Brazil

Faculty Nossa Cidade- FNC Estácio

Vinicius Barroso Hirota, São Paulo- Brazil

University Center of the Americas- FAM

Nathalia Bernardes, São Paulo – Brazil

Laboratory of Physiology and Metabolism Applied to Physical
Activity - LAPEF, University of São Paulo;

Translational Physiology Laboratory, Nove de Julho University-
UNINOVE;

6Human Movement Laboratory, São Judas Tadeu University
- USJT.

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Published
2021-04-22