THE IMPACT OF THE TIME SPENT ON SOCIAL NETWORKS ON EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN ADOLESCENTS

doi>10.24250/JPE/1/2020/ACC/IAF

  • Adela Claudia Cindea Universitatea de Vest Timisoara
  • Ioana Ancuta FRANT West University, Timioara
Keywords: emotional intelligence; social networking; pupils; gender; adolescents.

Abstract

This study aims at identifying the level of emotional intelligence in pupils, to determine correlations between these psychological characteristics and the time spending in social networks, as well as to identify differences between female and male adolescents, regarding the level of their emotional intelligence. The research sample consisted of 200 pupils (123 female and 77 male adolescents), aged 15 to 19 years, studying in Romanian school institutions. In order to test the hypothesis, the following instruments were used: a. Test for Emotional Intelligence (adapted by Mihaela Roco after Reuven Bar-On and Daniel Goleman), b. a questionnaire designed to identify the time spending by pupils to use the social networks (developed for research purposes). The Emotional Intelligence Test consists of 10 items that provide for four situations in which the person can be found. The completion of the test is aimed, on the one hand, at ensuring the individual's transposition as much as possible, and on the other, choosing one of the four possible answers’ variants, which are some concrete ways to react in the situations indicated by questions. The data analysis and obtained results highlights the existence of statistically significant negative correlations between the time spent by students on accessing social networks and the level of emotional intelligence. The statistical analysis also highlights the existence of a statistically significant difference between female and male adolescents at the level of emotional intelligence. The findings obtained constitute a support for the initiation of an intervention program for the personal development of adolescents.

References

APA Reports. (2002). The American Psychological Association report.

Aquino, A. E. (2003). Gender differences and age in a group of web

browsers’ emotional intelligence (Unpublished thesis). Universidad Inca Graciliazo

de la Vega, Lima, Peru;

Bar-On, R. (1997). The Emotional Quotient Inventory. Multi-Health Sist.

Toronto: ISP.

Bar-On, R., Parker J. D. A. (2012). Manual de inteligenţă emoţională.

București: Editura Curtea Veche.

Brown, R. F., Schutte, N. S. (2006). Direct and indirect relationships

between emotional intelligence and subjective fatigue in university students.

Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 60, 585-593.

Goleman, D., (2004). Inteligenţa emoţională cheia succesului în viaţă.

Bucureşti: Editura Alfa.

Goleman, D., (2001). Inteligenţa emotională. București: Editura Curtea

Veche.

Joseph, D. L., Newman, D. A. (2010). Emotional intelligence: An

integrative meta-analysis and cascading model. Journal of Applied Psychology,

, 54-78.

Joshi, D., Dutta, I. (2014). Emotional intelligence among secondary

students: Role of gender and type of school. MIER Journal of Educational Studies,

Trends & Practices, 4, 167-182.

Katyal, S., & Awasthi, E., (2005). Gender Differences in Emotional

Intelligence Among Adolescents Of Chandigarh. Journal of Human Ecology, vol

, 153-155.

Muduli, JR (2014), Addiction to Technological Gadgets and Its Impact on

Health and Lifestyle: A Study on College Students. National Institute of

Technology, Rourkela, India.

Patel, S. K. (2017). Emotional intelligence of college level students in

relation to their gender. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 4, 2349-

Patton, DU, Eschmann, RD, Elsaesser, C., & Bocanegra, E. (2016), Sticks,

stones and Facebook accounts: What violence outreach workers know about social

media and urban-based gang violence. Chicago.Computers in Human Behavior,

, 591-600.

Ranasinghe, P., Wathurapatha, W. S., Mathangasinghe, Y., Ponnamperuma,

G. (2017). Emotional intelligence, perceived stress and academic performance of

Sri Lankan medical undergraduates. BMC Medical Education, 17, Article 41.

doi:10.1186/s12909-017-0884-5.

Salovey P, Mayor JD, & D, C. (2002). The positive psychology of emotional

intelligence. New York: Oxford University Press.

Vossen, HGM, & Valkenburg, PM. (2016). Do social media foster or

curtail adolescents' empathy, A longitudinal study. Computers in Human Behavior

(2016), 118-124.

Xuanhui, L., Gonggu, Y., (2001). Internet Addictional Disorder, Online

Behavior and Personality. Chinese Mental Health Journal 15, 281-283.

Zohrevand, R. (2010). A comparison of self-efficacy, emotional intelligence,

gender beliefs, gender satisfaction of females and males in predicting their

academic achievement. Motalleat Ravanshenakhti, 6, 46-73.

Published
2020-04-21