Strategies Used in the Stage of Learning to Swim


  • Andrei Bitang
  • Anca Macarie
  • Corina Dulceanu "Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad
  • Viorel Bitang “Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad


learning, technical elements, systematization, models, swimming


Introduction: The reasons that determined me to approach the topic of this
paper is the importance of the correct mastery of swimming from an early
age, the formation of the mentality of practicing sports in general and swimming
in particular and the maintenance of optimal fitness. Purpose: The
present study aims at theoretical and experimental research on the very important
role of swimming means used in the initiation stage in children aged
5-7 years. Thus, we tried to achieve a systematization of the most effective
means of learning to swim, Increasing the efficiency of the preparation of
the educational instructional process requires the establishment of precise
finalities, of a well-objectified and optimized action system as well as the
choice of the most efficient methods and means of action. Methodology: The
establishment of training models as well as the judicious use of the most efficient
methods and means specific and non-specific to swimming must lead
to the following tasks: - appropriate mastery of the basic technical elements
of swimming (floating, sliding, breathing) as well as the craul swimming
process, - increasing the minimum motor qualities, - demonstration of the
validity of the methods used and the applicability of some tests in order to
follow the qualitative development of the motor qualities. Results. I consider
that the focus on the technical component of sports training, especially at this
age, when the psycho-physiological peculiarities of the subjects allow motor
acquisitions, high receptivity, plasticity of the nervous system. the basic technical
elements of swimming and the craul swimming process over a distance
of 25m. Following the evolution of the arithmetic mean, we can interpret it as
follows: the arithmetic mean of the sample included in the research has 3.93 points in the initial test, increasing it to 5.07 points in the intermediate test.
There is a progress of 1.14 points. At the final test the average of the sample
is 6.91 points, so we can see an improvement in performance by 2.88 points
from the initial test. Following the evolution of amplitude (W), the simplest
statistical indicator, we can see that if at the beginning of the experiment, the
difference between the subjects’ scores was 2.70 points, it is reduced to
2.30 points in the intermediate test, that in the end it reaches 2.11 points.
Conclusion. These results show that the value differences between the subjects
fade, the subjects mastering the basic elements in swimming and the
craul swimming process. Following the evolution of the standard deviation,
we observe the same homogenization of the results in the investigated sample.
Analyzing the evolution of the variability coefficient, we observe in this
case the tendency to homogenize the value of the subjects from the point of
view of recorded performances.

Author Biography

Anca Macarie

Champions House Foundation


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