Aspects of the relationship between heart rate and precision of throwing in wheelchair basketball. Preliminary study
One of the most practiced disciplines for athletes with disabilities is wheelchair
basketball. At the same time, in order to achieve the highest level of
competitiveness, the specific training methods are based on experimental
research made on the players of wheelchair basketball teams engaged in official
competitions.The purpose of the study is to evaluate the precision of
throwing (PoT) in relation to the player’s throwing position (TP), starting
from the hypothesis that effort intensity, determined by heart rate (HR), could
influence PoT.Methods. 5 athletes (My = 30.8 ± 7.5) members of the men’s
wheelchair basketball team, national champion in 2009, participated in the
study. A HOSAND system (Italy, 2005) was used for HR monitoring and, for
the determination of the PoT, each player made 10 throws at the edge of the
3sec. quad from: 450 left, 450 right and from the free throw line for the 120
HR, 140HR, 160HR, and 180HR crossings.Conclusions. Within the limits of
our study, the data obtained show that, for each player, the PoT depends on
PT and is influenced by HR values. These data can be used by the coach to
design training sessions that aim to improve basketball and to place players
on the field on tactical pitch. However, data must be approached with caution
because, in their assessment and capitalization, account must also be taken of
each player’s competitive classification (IWBF functional classification).
Achten, J., and Jeukendrup, A. (2003). Heart rate monitoring applications andlimitations. Sports Medicine, 33(7), 517-538.
Annemarie M.H. de Witte,Marco J.M. Hoozemans,Monique
A.M. Berger,Lucas H.V. van der Woude &Dirkjan (H.E.J)
Veeger (2016). Do field position and playing standard influence
athlete performance in wheelchair basketball?.Journal of
Sports Sciences, 34(9), 811-820.
Coutts, K. D. (1988). Heart rates of participants in wheelchair
sports. Paraplegia, 26(1),43-49.
Coutts, K. D. (1992). Dynamics of wheelchair basketball. Med
Sci Sports Exerc., 24(2):231-
.Croft, L., Dybrus, S., Lenton, J., and Goosey-Tolfrey, V. (2010).
A comparison of the physiological demands of wheelchair basketball
and wheelchair tennis.International Journal of Sports
Physiology and Performance, 5(3), 301-315.
Francis, John and Molnar, Gyozo and Owen, A. and Peters,
D.M. (2017) Key Determinants of Team Success in Elite Men’s
Wheelchair Basketball. In: UK Paralympic Performance
Conference 2017, 29th-30th March 2017, St George’s Park,
Burton upon Trent. (Unpublished)
Freitas TT, Calleja-González J, Alarcón F, Alcaraz PE(2016).
Acute Effects of Two Different Resistance Circuit Training Protocols
on Performance and Perceived Exertion in Semiprofessional
Basketball Players.J Strength Cond Res. 30(2),407-14
Marcolin G, Camazzola N, Panizzolo FA, Grigoletto D, Paoli
A. (2018) Different intensities of basketball drills affect jump
shot accuracy of expert and junior players. PeerJ 6:e4250
9. Miguel Angel Gómez,JavierPérez,BartoszMolik,Robert J. Szyman
&Jaime Sampaio(2014). Performance analysis of elite
men’s and women’s wheelchair basketball teams.Journal of
Sports Sciences, 11(32), 1066-1075
Rajat Mathur, Patrick Martone, Arthur Jason De Luigi (2018).
Wheelchair Basketball, in Adaptive Sports Medicine. Springer
International Publishing AG DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-56568-
Roy, J. L. P., Menear, K. S., Schmid, M. M. A., Hunter, G. R.,
and Malone, L. A.(2006). Physiological responses of skilled
players during a competitive wheelchair tennis match. Journal
of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20, 665-671
Sonja De Groot ,Inge J.M. Balvers,Sanne M. Kouwenhoven
,Thomas W.J. Janssen(2012). Validity and reliability of tests determining
performance-related components of wheelchair basketball.
Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(9), 879-887
Yanci, J., Iturricastillo A., and Granados, C.(2014). Heart rate
and body temperature response of wheelchair basketball players
in small-sided games. International Journal of Performance
Analysis in Sport 14, 535-544.