EFFECT OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL INTERVENTION ON AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE OF PUPILS WITH PROBLEM BEHAVIOURS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN ABUJA
Keywords:Cognitive Behavioral Intervention; Aggression; Violence and Primary School.
This study intervened in the problem behaviors of aggression and violence noticed in Nigerian primary schools in Abuja F.C.T with the use of Cognitive Behavioral Intervention (CBI). The study employed quasi-experimental research design. The population of the study consists of all primary school pupils in Abuja FCT Nigeria. Two purposes, research questions and hypotheses guided this study. The sample size consists of 44 pupils, drawn from six primary schools purposively sampled from 40 schools in FCT. Aggression and Violence Questionnaire (AVQ) were the instrument used for data collection. Data were analyzed using means and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Findings indicate that Cognitive Behavioral Intervention (CBI) significantly affects aggression and violence positively leading to a change of behaviors. It is recommended that Cognitive Behavioral Intervention (CBI) should be employed in all primary schools in Nigeria and in the world as intervention and corrective mechanism to problem behaviors in the classroom to enhance teaching and learning in schools.
Abdulmalik, J., Ani, C., Ajuwon, A.J., & Omigbodun, O. (2016). Effects of problem-solving interventions on aggressive behaviours among primary school pupils in Ibadan, Nigeria. Child Adolesce Psychiatry Mental Health, 7, 34-42
Agbaria, Q. (2010). Cognitive behavioural intervention in dealing with school violence among Arab Palestinian adolescents in Israel. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences, (5), 1317–1325.
Brett, Z & Arline, E. J. (2019). Research work on utilizing cognitive behavioural interventions to positively impact academic achievement in middle school students. Published undergraduate thesis. Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
Brock, M. E. (2013). Cognitive behavioural intervention (CBI) fact sheet. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Buss, A.H., & Perry, M. (1992). The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, pp 452-459.
Courtney, K. (2010). The effects that a cognitive behaviour modification intervention can have on a child with behavioural disabilities. Published Master’s thesis, Rowan University.
Daunic, A.P., Smith, S. W., Brank, E.M., & Penfield, R.D. (2016). Classroom-Based Cognitive-Behavioural Intervention to Prevent Aggression: Efficacy and Social Validity. Journal of School Psychology 44: 123-139.
Eseadi, C., Ezurike, C.A., Obidoa, M.L & Ossai, O.V. (2017). Effect of rational emotive behaviour therapy on re-offending thoughts of Nigerian prison inmates. Journal of the Nigerian Council of Educational Psychologist.11, (1), 267-275.
Eziyi, N and Odoemelam, A. (2005). Effects of self-control and aversive training therapies in the reduction of aggressive behaviour among secondary school students. Journal of Counseling and Communication, 6, 81-92
Gorman, B.S., Kassinove, H., & Sukhodolsky, D.G. (2004). cognitive behavioural therapy for anger in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, (9), 247–269.
Igbo, J.N & Ojonugwa, D.S. (2018). Effect of rational emotive behaviour therapy on emotional depression of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Abuja, Nigeria. Academic Journal of Research and Development (AJORAD). 10, (1), 64-77.
Jellesma, F. C. (2020) Cognitive behaviour therapy in the school setting: A case study of a nine-year-old anxious boy with extreme blushing. Journal of Depression on therapy, 16-37.
Martin, B. (2020). In-depth: cognitive behavioural therapy, https://psychcentral.com/lib/in-hepth-cognitive-behaviour-therapy. Retrieved on 27th April, 2020.
Mohammad, A., Morteza, A., Leila, A, Roya, V., & Marjan, A. (2016). Cognitive behavioural therapy for treatment of adult obesity International Journal of Medical Reviews, (3), 1, pp 371-379.
Moslem, R., Nour-Mohammad, B., Mohammad, R., Sajad, K. & Mohammad, J. (2016). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural group therapy on coping strategies and in reducing anxiety, depression, and physical complaints in student victims of bullying. IntJ High Risk Behaviour Addiction, (2), 6-14
Muraina, K. O and Umar, T. I. (2018). An Investigative Study of Religiosity and Depression as Predictors of Suicidal Thought among Secondary School Students in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Positive Psychology and Counselling, Vol. 2(2), 3-11
Nicole, E. S (2001). Cognitive behavioural interventions (CBI). Standard Operating Procedures. Retrieved on 1/5/2020.
Nnaebue, C. I. & Nwokolo, E. E. (2017). Effects of Self-esteem and Gender on Aggressive Behaviour among Adolescents. Journal of Psychology, 8(2): pp 61-67.
Odedokun, S. A and Muraina, K. O. (2019). Parental and Peer Factors as Predictors of Cigarette Smoking among Secondary School Adolescents in Southwestern Nigeria. Gender and Behaviour, 17(2), 12971-12977
Ozodinobi, C.F., Ogwuche, O.C, & Yusuf, A. (2019). Efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy in curbing peervictimization among secondary school students in Niger State. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) 24, 10, 17-34
Tachelle, B., Garry, S., & Karla, A. (2014). Interdisciplinary collaboration: cognitive behavioural interventions in special education and school psychology. http://www.scirp.org/journal/ce http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2014.510089. Retrieved on 1/5/2020.
Sofronoff, K., Attwood, T., Hinton, S., & Levin, I. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of a cognitive behavioural intervention for anger management in children diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(7), pp 1203–1214. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0262-3