The Main Objectives Related to Environment in Romania
Environmental protection is one of the horizontal policies of the European Union these days. Its main aim is to design and apply all policies of the Community and its member states. The integrated approach shouid be linked to the general integration strategies of the last decade of the previous century which were lowly adjusted to the pattern of sustainable development.
The Maastricht Treaty raises environmental policy to the "rank" of Community policy and the Amsterdam Treaty includes the principie of sustainable development to the main Community objectives. It also regulates the application of the Environmental Integration Principie to sectoral policies. The European Union has elaborated a complex system of horizontal Community Laws by designing six environment action programs. They occur in the following fields: air quality, waste management, water quality, landscape protection, industrial pol Iul jn and risk management, dangerous chemical substances and geneticaily modified organisms, noise, civil protection, nuclear safety and radioprotection. EU has changed the sectorial approach into an integrated one, has developed principles and action and has taken important steps in internaţional cooperation on environment safety.
Currently, the European Union runs the stages of the Sixth Action Programme "Environment 2010-2015: Our future, Our choice" which focuses on four main areas of action: climate changes, environment and health, nature and bio-diversity and management of natural resources.
When adhering to the European Union, aceording to Negotiation Chapter 22, România assumed to fulfill the European regulations and to allocate financial amounts in order to apply coherent measures in the field of Environmental protection. As full member of the European Union, România defined its own consistent policies in order to follow the strategic direction and priorities of the European Commission. While the Community Acquis was already adopted, further actions and environmental activities aim to reach the targets for each negotiated transition period.
Dogaru L., (2012), Common Policies of the European Union, Academic Publishing House, Bucharest, 2012, (in Romanian);
Pohoata 1. A history of economic doctrines, European Institute's Publishing House, Iasi, 2000 (in Romanian);
Relicovschi A. European Policies in Environmental Management - Micro-monographic Series, European Institute of Romania, Bucharest, 2008, (in Romanian);
Strategic de TAEE 2004-2008, published by the European Environmental Agency, 2004;
The National Strategy of Romania for 2013 - 2020 - 2030, approved by the Romanian Government in 21.12.2013.