The Main Objectives Related to Environment in Romania
Keywords:Negotiating chapters between RomÃ¢nia and the European Commission, main environmental objectives and targets, Community Acquis, Transition.
Â Â Â Environmental protection is one of the horizontal policies of the European Union theseÂ days. Its main aim is to design and apply all policies of the Community and its member states.Â The integrated approach shouid be linked to the general integration strategies of the lastÂ decade of the previous century which were lowly adjusted to the pattern of sustainableÂ development.
Â Â Â The Maastricht Treaty raises environmental policy to the "rank" of Community policyÂ and the Amsterdam Treaty includes the principie of sustainable development to the mainÂ Community objectives. It also regulates the application of the Environmental IntegrationÂ Principie to sectoral policies. The European Union has elaborated a complex system ofÂ horizontal Community Laws by designing six environment action programs. They occur inÂ the following fields: air quality, waste management, water quality, landscape protection,Â industrial pol Iul jn and risk management, dangerous chemical substances and geneticailyÂ modified organisms, noise, civil protection, nuclear safety and radioprotection. EU hasÂ changed the sectorial approach into an integrated one, has developed principles and action andÂ has taken important steps in internaÅ£ional cooperation on environment safety.
Â Â Â Currently, the European Union runs the stages of the Sixth Action ProgrammeÂ "Environment 2010-2015: Our future, Our choice" which focuses on four main areas ofÂ action: climate changes, environment and health, nature and bio-diversity and management ofÂ natural resources.
Â Â Â When adhering to the European Union, aceording to Negotiation Chapter 22, RomÃ¢niaÂ assumed to fulfill the European regulations and to allocate financial amounts in order to applyÂ coherent measures in the field of Environmental protection. As full member of the EuropeanÂ Union, RomÃ¢nia defined its own consistent policies in order to follow the strategic directionÂ and priorities of the European Commission. While the Community Acquis was alreadyÂ adopted, further actions and environmental activities aim to reach the targets for eachÂ negotiated transition period.
Dogaru L., (2012), Common Policies of the European Union, Academic Publishing House, Bucharest, 2012, (in Romanian);
Pohoata 1. A history of economic doctrines, European Institute's Publishing House, Iasi, 2000 (in Romanian);
Relicovschi A. European Policies in Environmental Management - Micro-monographic Series, European Institute of Romania, Bucharest, 2008, (in Romanian);
Strategic de TAEE 2004-2008, published by the European Environmental Agency, 2004;
The National Strategy of Romania for 2013 - 2020 - 2030, approved by the Romanian Government in 21.12.2013.