Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted by Plants Determination using New Gas Chromatography Mass-Spectrometry Methods
In the nature, plants emit numerous volatile organic compounds. Common plant volatiles include various green leaves volatiles, terpenes, phenylpropanoids and/or benzenoids. In the present paper it will be characterized thermal desorption (TD) and solid phase microextraction methods (SPME) for simultaneous determination of green leaves volatiles (GLVs), various mono- and sesquiterpenes in headspace of plants. The first method is based on preconcentration of VOCs on solid absorbents coupled with the gas chromatograpy mass-spectrometry coupled with thermal desorption system (GCMS-TD). For trapping the volatile organic compounds (VOC) we used a multibead tube filled with solid sorbents (Carbotrap c and Carbopack c). Different types of solid sorbents have been tested and characterised. The second method is based on adsorption of different volatile compounds on the fibres followed by GC-MS analyses. The fibres trapped and released volatile organic compounds with different numbers of carbons atoms. Both methods have been used for volatile organic compounds emitted by plants from Betulaceae family.
Bojko, B., Pawliszyn, J., 2014. In vivo and ex vivo SPME: a low invasive sampling and sample preparation tool in clinical bioanalysis. Bioanalysis 6, 1227-1239.
Copolovici, L., Kaennaste, A., Remmel, T., Vislap, V., Niinemets, U., 2011. Volatile emissions from Alnus glutionosa induced by herbivory are quantitatively related to the extent of damage. Journal of Chemical Ecology 37, 18-28.
Copolovici, L., KÃ¤nnaste, A., Niinemets, U., 2009. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method fordetermination of monoterpene and sesquiterpene emissions from stressed plants.
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia 54, 329-339.
Curtis, A.J., Helmig, D., Baroch, C., Daly, R., Davis, S., 2014. Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions from nine tree species used in an urban tree-planting program.
Atmospheric Environment 95, 634-643.
Dicke, M., Loreto, F., 2010. Induced plant volatiles: from genes to climate change. Trends in Plant Science 15, 115-117.
Dudareva, N., Negre, F., Nagegowda, D.A., Orlova, I., 2006. Plant volatiles: Recent advances
and future perspectives. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 25, 417-440.
Griffiths, D.W., Robertson, G.W., Birch, A.N.E., Brennan, R.M., 1999. Evaluation of thermal desorption and solvent elution combined with polymer entrainment for the analysis of volatiles released by leaves from midge (Dasineura tetensi) resistant and susceptible
blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars. Phytochemical Analysis 10, 328-334.
Jansen, R.M.C., Wildt, J., Kappers, I.F., Bouwmeester, H.J., Hofstee, J.W., van Henten, E.J.,
Detection of Diseased Plants by Analysis of Volatile Organic Compound Emission.
Annual Review of Phytopathology, Vol 49, pp. 157-174.
Kannaste, A., Zhao, T., Lindstrom, A., Stattin, E., Langstrom, B., Borg-Karlson, A.K., 2013.
Odors of Norway spruce (Picea abies L.) seedlings: differences due to age and chemotype.
Trees-Structure and Function 27, 149-159.
Kos, G., Kanthasami, V., Adechina, N., Ariya, P.A., 2014. Volatile organic compounds in Arctic snow: concentrations and implications for atmospheric processes. Environmental
Science-Processes & Impacts 16, 2592-2603.
Krol, S., Zabiegala, B., Namiesnik, J., 2010. Monitoring VOCs in atmospheric air II. Sample collection and preparation. Trac-Trends in Analytical Chemistry 29, 1101-1112.
Loreto, F., Schnitzler, J.-P., 2010. Abiotic stresses and induced BVOCs. Trends in Plant Science 15, 154-166.
Miekisch, W., Trefz, P., Bergmann, A., Schubert, J.K., 2014. Microextraction techniques in breath biomarker analysis. Bioanalysis 6, 1275-1291.
Mitchell, G., Higgitt, C., Gibson, L.T., 2014. Emissions from polymeric materials:
Characterised by thermal desorption-gas chromatography. Polymer Degradation and Stability 107, 328-340.
Niinemets, Ãœ., 2010. Mild versus severe stress and BVOCs: thresholds, priming and consequences. Trends in Plant Science 15, 145-153.
Pandey, S.K., Kim, K.-H., 2011. Human body-odor components and their determination. Trac-Trends in Analytical Chemistry 30, 784-796.
Pillonel, L., Bossett, J.O., Tabacchi, R., 2002. Rapid preconcentration and enrichment techniques for the analysis of food volatile. A review. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft Und-Technologie-Food Science and Technology 35, 1-14.
Savelieva, E.I., Gavrilova, O.P., Gagkaeva, T.Y., 2014. Using solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the study of the volatile products of biosynthesis released by plants and microorganisms. Journal of Analytical Chemistry 69,609-615.
Toome, M., RandjÃ¤rv, P., Copolovici, L., Niinemets, Ãœ., Heinsoo, K., Luik, A., Noe, S.M.,2010. Leaf rust induced volatile organic compounds signalling in willow during the infection. Planta 232, 235-243.
Zhang, Z., Li, G., 2010. A review of advances and new developments in the analysis of biological volatile organic compounds. Microchemical Journal 95, 127-139.