INTERVENTIONS AIMED TO PREVENT BREAST CANCER BY PROMOTING SELF-EXAMINATION A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Early detection of breast cancer plays an essential role in reducing morbidity and mortality caused by the disease. This review is intended to summarize and outline the outcomes obtained as a result of the educational interventions focused on promoting breast cancer prevention by developing and effectively employing the ability involving breast self-examination procedure; these interventions are addressed by a series of studies centered on an individual randomization of participants and at least one control group. With that end in view, we carried out a systematic search in the PubMed and PsycInfo databases and we found 21 eligible studies which involved 5754 women. Most of these studies reported increases in breast self-examination frequency after the subjects' participation in interventions. Therefore, the conclusion of this review is that educational interventions may result in adopting new and efficient breast cancer prevention behaviors such as breast self-examination, which is an undeniable argument to increase the level of dissemination of such interventions among women.
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