THE GOALS OF TERTIARY EDUCATION: A PHILOSOPHICAL ASSESSMENT OF NIGERIAâ€™S NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION
Keywords:Access, Quality, Pedagogy, Education, National policy, Nigeria
AbstractThis paper gives a cursory history of Tertiary Education in Nigeria and attempts a philosophical analysis of the concepts of quality and access to education; two major concepts that featured prominently in the goals of Nigeriaâ€™s Tertiary Education as stated in Nigeriaâ€™s National Policy on Education (2013). Subsequently, a philosophical assessment of the goals of Tertiary Education as stated in the National Policy document and the implementation is undertaken. Based on this philosophical assessment, it is shown among other things, that the concepts of quality and access to education as reflected in the goals of Tertiary Education are better used with clarifications. In addition, it is argued that the history of Tertiary Education in Nigeria is not totally that of woe because Tertiary Education has made some remarkable impact in the nationâ€™s developmental strides. It is however emphasized that there are still enormous challenges facing Nigeriaâ€™s Tertiary Education especially when compared with global best practices. Furthermore it is argued that there is still a wide gap between the policy statements on Tertiary Education and their implementation. Suggestions are made towards addressing the challenges pointed out. These suggestions include: government redoubled commitment towards the funding of Tertiary Education, the enforcement of ethics education that has its foundation in the traditional values of Africa in order to address the prevailing laxity in the moral tone of many of the Tertiary Institutions
Adamu,A.U.(2017,July26).NOUNstudentpopulationhits400,000.Blueprint.Retrieved,from:https//www.blueprint.ng/noun-students-population-hits-400000. Alade,I.A. (2006): Evaluation of technical education curriculum in colleges of education in southwestern Nigeria. Ph.D Thesis.Department of Teacher Education University of Ibadan xxii+257pp.
Bamiro, O.A. (2012). Tertiary Education in Nigeria and the Challenge of Corporate Governance. Speech at the TETFund Year 2012 Strategic Planning Workshop, held at the Idris Abdukadir Auditorium, National Universities Commission, Maitaima, Abuja. August 7-8.
Bobby, C.L(2014). The abc of building quality cultures for education in a global world. Paper presented at the International Conference on Quality Assurance, Bangkok, Thailand.
Commonwealth of Learning (2017). Open Educational Resource Policy for Higher Education in Nigeria.Canada.
Du Plooy, L. and Zilindile, M.(2014). Problematising the concept epistemological access with regard to foundation phase education towards quality schooling.South African Journal of Childhood Education. 4(1) June. p188 -201.
Eagle, L. & Brennan, R.(2007). Are students customers? TQM and marketing perspectives. Quality Assurance in Education, 15(1)44-60.http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09684880710723025
Eggins, H.(2010). Access and Equity- Comparative Perspectives.Sense Publishers.The Netherlands.
FGN.(2013a). National policy on education. Lagos, Nigeria: Nigerian Educational Research Development Council
FGN.(2017b). Nigerian culture and heritage. Retrieved from http://www.nigeria.gov.ng/index.php/2016-04-06-08-38-30/nigerian-culture Jegede, O.(2017). Quality of University Education in Nigeria: the Challenge of Social relevance. Convocation Lecture at the 22nd and 23rd Combined Convocation Ceremony. University of Uyo, Nigeria. 3rd November.
Lowe, J and Istance, D.(1989). Schools and Quality. Paris: OECD.
Nwogu, G.A.(2015).Barriers to Equality of Access to Educational Opportunity in Nigeria: A Philosophical Perspective. Journal of Education and Practice.Vol. 6, No4.pp148-152. Obi,E. (2003). Educational Management: Theory and Practice, Engel: Jamoe Enterprises (Nig).
Omole, D. (2017, June 26). 38 Nigerian universities increase tuition fees. Leadership.retrievedfromhttp://leadership.ng/2017/06/26/38-nigerian-universities-increase- tuition-fees/
Omoniyi.M.B. (2016). History and Development of Guidance and Counselling:The Missing Dimension in Nigerian School Counselling Services. International Journal of Education and Research.Vol.4. No 11.November. Pp413-424
Oyedeji, B. (2016). Nigerian Higher Education In Perspective: Current Issues and Problems. International Journal of Innovative Research. 4 (2):1-14. April â€“ June. p1-13.
Prodan, A. Maxim, E. Manolescu, I, Arustei, C. and Alexandra, G. (2015). Access to higher education: influences and possible implications. Procedia Economics and Finance 20.535-543. Ramon-Yusuf S. (2003). The Role of the National UniversitiesCommission in Nigeria Universities.Abuja: NUC
Samoff, J. (2001). â€œEducation for Allâ€ in Africa but education systems that that serve few well. Perspectives in Education, 19(1):5-27.
Srikanthan, G &Dalrymple, J.(2005). Implementation of a holistic model for quality in higher education.International Journal of Educational Management. 18(4),266-279. http//dx.doi.or/10.1108/09513540410538859.
Technical Report of the National Household Survey (2009).Access to Education. Social Surveys Africa, Johannesburg. South Africa.
Telli, G.(2013). How Should Quality of Education Be Re-Defined for Education Achievement in Tanzannia? What are Stakeholdersâ€™ Opinion? Journal of International Education and Leadership. Vol 3, Issue 1(Spring) p1-7.
UNESCO(2002). Education for All: Global Monitoring Report. Is the world on Track? Paris United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (2010). Combating Poverty and Inequality: Structural Change, Social Policy and Politics. Geneva: Switzerland.
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2017).
Westerheijden, D.F.,Stensaker, B.& Rosa, M (2007). Introduction. In D.Westerheijden, B.Stensaker, &M.Rosa (Eds), Quality Assurance in Higher Education (pp 1-11).Dordrecht:Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6012-0
Yang, L. (2011). World Education Finance and Higher Education Access: Econometric Analysis of International Indicators and the Implications for China. A dissertation submitted in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Higher Education) in the University of Michigan.
Youdeowei,T.,Uwandu,E.,&Iruoma,K.(2016,November3).Studentslamentcompulsory handouts in tertiary institutions. The Vanguard.Retrieved from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/11/students-lament-compulsory-handouts- tertiary-institutions/
Ziderman, A.(2013). Increasing Access to Higher Education Through Student Loans. CESifo DICE Report 2/2013(June), 11-18.
Ziderman, A.(2013). Students Loan in Practice: Global Perspectives in D.E. Heller and C. Callender, eds, Student Financing of Higher Education: A comparative Perspective. International Studies in Higher Education, Routledge.